Deep tissue massage is a type of massage therapy that focuses on realigning the deep layers of muscles and fascia, also called connective tissue. It shares the same strokes that are used in classic massage therapy, but the movement is slower and the pressure is deeper and concentrated on areas of tension and pain.
Chronic muscle tension, postural imbalance, overuse and injury can cause muscle fibres to become shortened and scar tissue is formed. Shortened muscle fibres also result in reduced blood flow to the area, and inefficient removal of metabolic waste products by the lymphatic system. The areas of the soft tissues become stiff, hardened, and adhesions. Normal movement becomes impossible, and stiffness and pain set in.
Deep tissue massage works by gently but firmly working across these bands to separate the tissues again, to lengthen shortened and contracted soft tissue structures, and to encourage efficient circulation to and from the affected area.
Deep tissue massage is such a powerful therapeutic technique because it goes deeper than the typical relaxation massage. It is a popular choice for rehabilitating soft tissue dysfunctions that are a result of injuries, and muscle aches and strains.